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Chandrayaan-2 completes a year in moon’s orbit

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Chandrayaan-2 has completed a year orbiting around the Moon’s orbit. It entered the lunar orbit exactly one year ago on August 20, but India’s mission failed because of the Vikram Lander’s soft landing on the lunar earth on September 7. However, Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter and its equipment are working properly. It still has enough fuel that it can cycle the moon for 7 years.

The Chandrayaan-2 mission was launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on July 22, 2019. On August 20, 2019, ISRO scientists fired a liquid rocket engine of Chandrayaan-2 at 9:02 in the morning and brought it to the moon’s orbit. Then the final landing on the moon was to take place on September 7. Vikram Lander started his process to get to the moon at 1:40 pm. It was extremely challenging to land on the moon’s South Pole from a height of 35 km for ISRO scientists. At 1:55 pm, Vikram Lander was supposed to make a soft landing in the ground between two craters, Manginus-C and Simpelius-N, at the south pole of the Moon.

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During landing on the moon, only 2.1 km from the lunar surface on the night of September 7, 2019, the Chandrayaan-2 wandered into Vikram Lander’s way, about 500 meters away from its designated place, and hit the lunar surface, after which ISRO lost contact. Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter later sent the thermal image of Vikram Lander to ISRO. According to ISRO scientists, due to the hard landing of Vikram Lander, it bowed to one side, which caused its antenna to be pressed. In order to connect the communication link of the lander back, it was very important to have an antenna in the direction of the orbiter or ground station, but the scientists could not get success in this despite many efforts.

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However, the United States, Russia and China have made a soft landing on the moon before India. Nevertheless, the second moon mission of the Indian Space Research Organisation Chandrayaan-2 was eyed by the entire world including NASA because the biggest reason was that Chandrayaan-2’s Vikram Lander had to land on the part of the moon where no one was able to reach till date.

Actually, the south pole of the moon is very special and interesting because it is always dark there. It is also much larger than the North Pole. Being in the dark always, the possibility of having water there is also being expressed. ISRO has also expressed the possibility of fossils of solar system in the craters present in this part of the moon. Now Chandrayaan-2 has completed a year orbiting around the Moon’s orbit.

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According to ISRO, the spacecraft has completed about 4,400 orbits in the moon’s orbit and all its instruments are working well. ISRO stated that the spacecraft is perfectly fine and the performance of its sub-systems is normal. The orbiter is equipped with high-tech cameras to gather information about the moon’s outer atmosphere and its surface.

 


Disclaimer :– This story has not been edited by West Bengal News 24 staff and is auto-generated from news agency feeds. Source: Hindusthan Samachar


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